दादा साहेब फाल्के अभिनय एवं फिल्म अकादमी

Fashion Designing  
FUNDAMENTALS OF APPAREL DESIGNING UNIT-I Parts and functions of a single needle machine,
essential tools – cutting tools, measuring tools, marking tools, general tools, pressing tools, seams and seam finishes – types, working ofimages seams and seam finishes Hems – types, stitches used. UNIT-II Fullness- definition, types. Darts, tucks, pleats, flares and godets, gathers and shirrs, frills or ruffles, flounces, facings – bias facing, shaped facing and decorative facing. Binding – single bias binding, double bias binding. UNIT – III Plackets – definition, characteristics of a good placket, types – inconspicuous placket and conspicuous plackets. Method of constructing the same. Fasteners – conspicuous (Button and button-holes, button loops, button with holes, shank buttons, eyelets and cords). Inconspicuous (press buttons, hooks and eyes, zips). UNIT – IV Sleeves – definition, types, set-in- sleeves – plain sleeve, puff sleeve, bishop sleeve, bell, circular. Modified armhole – squared armhole. cap sleeve and Magyar sleeve. Sleeve and bodice combined – raglan, kimono and dolman. Yokes – types, simple yoke, yoke with fullness within the yoke, yoke supporting/ releasing fullness. UNIT-V Collars – definitions, types, peter pan, scalloped, puritan, sailor, square, rippled, full shirt collar, open collar, Chinese, turtle neck, shawl collar pockets – types – patch pocket, bound pocket, pocket in a seam, front hip pocket. REFERENCE: 1. Practical Clothing Construction – Part I and II, Mary Mathews, Cosmic Press, Chennai (1986) 2. The Complete Book of Sewing – Dorling Kindersley Limited, London (1986) 3. Sewing and Knitting – A Readers Digest, step- by – step guide, Readers Digest Pvt Ltd, Australia.

1. Preparation of samples for seam and seam finishes.
2. Preparation of samples for hems
3. Preparation of samples for fullness
4. Preparation of samples for facing and binding.
5. Preparation of samples for plackets and fasteners
6. Preparation of samples plain sleeve, puff sleeve (any one type), raglon sleeve.
7. Preparation of samples yoke with fullness within the yoke yoke supporting fullness.
8. Preparation of samples peter pan collar , full shirt collar, shawl collar
9. Preparation of samples patch pocket, bound pocket

UNIT-I Body measurement –importance, preparing for measuring, ladies measurements, boys and men’s measurements. Standardizing body measurements –importance, techniques used. Relative length and girth measures in ladies /gentlemen Preparation of fabric for cutting –importance of grain in cutting and construction, steps in

imagespreparing the fabric for cutting.
UNIT-II Pattern making –method of pattern making – (Drafting and draping),merits and demerits. Types of paper patterns (Patterns for personal measurements and commercial patterns) Principles of pattern drafting . Pattern details, steps in drafting basic bodice front and back and sleeve.

UNIT-III Styles created by shifting of blouse darts , adding fullness to the bodice, converting darts to seam and partial yokes and incorporating darts in to seams forming yokes. Fitting - Standards of a good fit , steps in preparing a blouse for fitting , checking the fit of a blouse, solving fitting problems in a blouse ,fitting techniques.

UNIT- IV Pattern alteration –importance of altering patterns, general principles for pattern alteration, common pattern alteration in a blouse. Pattern grading –definition , types , manual –master grades ,basic front ,basic back basic sleeve, basic collar and basic grading. UNIT-V Pattern layout- definition, purpose, rules in layout, types of layouts for length wise stripped designs, fabric with bold design, asymmetric designs, one way designs. What can be done if cloth is insufficient , fabric cutting ,transferring pattern marking, stay stitching, ease stitching

Unit I Lines and line drawings – object drawing and perspective view drawings, enlarging and reducing motifs. Learning the usage of various drawing and sketching mediums- pencils, ink, charcoal, brushes, crayons, water color and poster colors.
Unit II Drawing a stick figure for both normal and fashion figure. Forming a fleshy figure over a stick figure.
Unit III Dividing the figure into various parts using lines like plumb line, center front line, Princess line, waistline, side seam, armholes, jewel neckline, panty line, bust line etc., Practicing the art of creating textures.
Unit IV Illustrating pattern details- pockets, sleeves, yokes, skirts, trousers, tops etc., Illustrating different type of ornaments and accessories.
Unit V Illustrating details of ruffles, cowls, shirring, smocking, quilting, draping, gathers, pleats, frills and flounces. Basic concept and types of silhouette.

Unit I Developing illustrations from the pictures of magazine: Analyzing a normal figure into fashion figure – front face to be done usingimages pictures from magazines, analyzing profile using of a normal figure into fashion figure and analyzing back of a normal figure into fashion figure using magazine.
Unit II Creating illustrations with various garment styles for Men, Women and Children – for casual wear, party wear and sports wear.
Unit III Drawing the stylized figures of Men, Women and Children (using 10 heads or 12 heads).
Unit IV Drawing garments for different seasons – summer, winter, autumn and spring – for Men, Women and Children.
Unit V Men and Women illustration on the background of party and office, children illustration on the background of party and picnic.

UNIT-I Introduction to the field of textiles- classification of fibres –natural and chemical – primary and secondary characteristics of textile fibers.
UNIT-II Manufacturing process ,properties and uses of natural fibres – cotton ,linen ,Jute , pineapple ,hemp ,silk , wool, hair fibers, man-made fibres –Viscose rayon ,acetate rayon , nylon, polyester, acrylic.
UNIT-III Spinning –Definition ,Classification – Chemical and mechanical spinning –blending , opening, cleaning ,doubling ,carding ,combing ,drawing ,roving ,spinning. Yarn classification – definition , classification – simple and fancy yarns , Sewing threads and its properties.
UNIT-IV Wovens- basic weaves –plain, twill, satin. Fancy weaves- pile, double cloth, leno, swivel, dobby and jacquard.
UNIT-V Non-Wovens- felting, fusing, bonding ,lamination ,netting, braiding and calico,tatting and crotcheting.
FIBRE TO FABRIC Identification of textile fibres Fibres – Cotton, Silk, Wool, Nylon, Polyester, Lilen, Rayon, Jute.

1.Microscopic Method
2. Flame test.
3. Chemical test.

Testing of yarns/ fabrics
1. counting of the yarn using wrap reel.
2. Counting of the yarn using

beesley’s balance.
3. Twist of the yarn using twist tester.
4. Determining the weight of the fabric.
5. Determining the fabric count by a. Raveling method b. Pick Glass method 6. Course length and loop length of knitted fabric.
7. Colour fastness to water.
8. Test of Shrinkage.
9. Test of Absorbency.

UNIT-I Sewing Machineries- Classification of sewing machines, parts functions of single Needle machine, Double needle machine, over lock machine, bar tacking machine, button Hole making machine, button fixing machine, blind stitching Machine, fabric examining machine. Special attachments, care and maintenance, Common problems and remedies

UNIT-II Stitching mechanism- Needles, bobbin and bobbin case, bobbin winding, loops and loop Spreader, threading finger, upper and lower threading, auxiliary hooks, throat plates, takeups, tension discs- upper and lower thread tension, stitching auxiliaries, pressure foot and its types, Feed mechanisms - drop feed, differential fed, needle feed, compound feed, unison feed, puller feed.

UNIT-III Cutting technology – definition, function, scope. Cutting equipment and tools , vertical reciprocity cutting machine, rotary cutting machine band knife cutting machine, die cutters. Types of spread and its quality, spreading equipment and tools used for spreading, spreading methods.

UNIT – IV Marking methods, positioning marking types of markers, efficiency of a marker plan, requirements of marker planning. Pressing Equipments – purpose, pressing equipments and methods – iron, steam press, steam air finisher, steam tunnel, special types – pleating, permanent press.

UNIT – V Sewing federal standards for stitich and stitch classification, federal standards for seam and seam classification , fabric sewability, Sewing threads- types, essential qualities of a sewing thread, Manufacturing process of a cotton and synthetic threads, twisting process.

Children’s Apparel Practical Designing, drafting and constructing the following garments for the features Prescribed List the measurements required and materials suitable Calculate the cost of the garment Calculate the material required-Layout method and direct measurement Method
1. Bib- Variation in outline shape
2. Panty-plain or plastic lined panty
3. Jabla- without sleeve, front open (or) Magyar sleeve, back opens
4. Baba suit- knicker with chest piece attached (or) Romper
5. A-Line petticoat- double pointed dart, neck line and arm hole finished with facing(or)petticoat with gathered waist
6.Summer frock- with suspenders at shoulder line, without sleeve/collars(or) Angel top with raglan sleeve, fullness at neck line
7.Yoke frock- yoke at chest line, with open, puff sleeve, gathered skirt9OR0 frock- with collar, without sleeve, gathered/ circular skirt at waist line(or) Princess line frock
8. Knicker- elastic waist, side pockets
9. Shirt- open collar, with pocket

UNIT-I Beginning of Costume, Growth of Dress out of painting, cutting etc…, Study of dyed and printed textiles of India –Bhandhani, patola , ikkat, kalamkari- in all the above types and techniques used. Study of woven textiles of India – Dacca Muslin, Banarasi/ Chanderi brocades, baluchar, himrus and amrus, Kashmir shawls, pochampalli , silk sarees of Kancheepuram.

UNIT-II Costumes of India – Traditional Costume of different States of India Tamil Nadu , Kerala , Andhra Pradesh ,Karnataka ,Assam, Orrisa, Bihar, Mizoram, Tripura ,Nagaland, W.Bengal, Sikkim

UNIT-III Traditional Costume of different States of India; Maharastra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarpradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Madhyapradesh.

UNIT-IV Indian Jewellery – jewelleries used in the period of Indus valley civilization ,Mauryan period , Gupta Period , the Pallava and Chola Period ,Symbolic Jewellery of South India,Mughal period. Temple Jewellery of South India,Tribal jewellery A brief study of gems and precious stones.

UNIT-V Traditional embroideries of India – Origin ,Embroidery stitches used –embroidery of Kashmir , Phulkari of Punjab ,Gujarat – Kutch and Kathiawar, embroidery of Rajasthan , Kasuti of Karnataka ,Chickenwork of Lucknow, Kantha of Bengal – in all the above – types and colours of fabric /thread.

UNIT I Terms related to the fashion industry – fashion, style, fad, classic, and collection, chic Custom made , mannequin , fashion , show, trend, forecasting, high fashion, fashion cycle, haute couture, couture, couturier, fashion director, fashion editor, line, knock-off avant garde, bridge, buying house, apparel, fashion merchandising, pre – a – porter, sample.

UNIT II Design- definition and types – structural and decorative design, requirements of a good structural and decorative design. Elements of design – line, shape or form, colour , size and texture. Application of structural and decorative design in a dress, selection and application of trimmings and decorations. Fashion accessories- shoes, handbags, hats, ties – different types/ shapes.

UNIT II Principles of design- balance – formal and informal, rhythm- through repetition, radiation and gradation, emphasis, harmony and proportion. Application of principles of design in a dress.

UNIT III Colour- definition, colour theories- prang colour chart and munsell colour system, Dimensions of colour- hue, value, and intensity. Standard colour harmonies- application in dress design. Colour in principles of design- application of the same in dress design.

UNIT IV Deigning dresses for unusual figures – becoming and unbecoming – for the following figure types. Stout figure, thin figure, slender figure, narrow shoulders, broad shoulders, round shoulders, large bust, flat chest, large hip, large abdomen, round face, large face, small face, prominent chin and jaw, prominent forehead.

UNIT V Wardrobe planning for different age groups, factors influencing wardrobe selection, Fashion and season, Designing dresses for different occasions – business meetings, parties/ dinners, evenings/leisure hours, marriage functions, sports, uniforms for civil service, airhostess, hoteliers, schools – girls and boys (school, high school).

1. Prepare the following Charts
a. Prang colour chart
b. Value Chart
c. Intensity Chart

2. Illustrate garment designs for the Elements of Design
a. Line
b. Colour
c. Texture
d. Shape or form
e. Size

3. Illustrate garment designs for the Principles of Design
a. Balance in dress
b. Harmony in dress
c. Emphasis in dress
d. Proportion in dress
e. Rhythm in dress

4. Illustrate the colour harmony in dress design
a. Monochromatic colour harmony
b. Analogous colour harmony
c. Complimentary colour harmony
d. Double complementary colour harmony
e. Split complementary colour harmony
f. Triad colour harmony

5. Application of colour and principles of design in dress
a. Harmony through colour
b. Emphasis through colour
c. Proportion through colour
d. Rhythm through colour
e. Balance through colour

6. Designing dresses for figure irregularities- becoming and unbecoming Stout figure, thin figure, slender figure, narrow shoulders, broad shoulders, round shoulders, large bust, flat chest, large hip, large abdomen, round face, large face, small face, prominent chin and jaw, prominent forehead.

UNIT-I Factors influencing fashion changes –Psychological needs of fashion , Social psychology of Fashion , technological , economical , political ,legal and seasonal influence .role of costume as a status symbol , Personality and dress, cloths as sex appeal, cultural value Fashion cycles, repetition of fashion .

UNIT-II Fashion evolution – Fashion cycles , Length of cycles , consumer groups in fashion cycles – fashion leaders , fashion innovators, fashion motivation , fashion victim, fashion victims , Fashion followers .Adoption of Fashion – trickle down , trickle up and trickle across theory .Fashion forecasting – market research , evaluating the collection , Fashion services and resources ( fashion services ,Colour services ,video services , News letter services, web sites , Directories and references ),Design- Historic and ethnic costumes.

UNIT-III Visual merchandising of fashion , types of displays – window displays , interior displays , Elements of display – the merchandise , mannequins and forms , props , signage , lighting Merchandising presentation – tools and techniques- back drop, forms, fixtures . Fashion show- Definition , planning ,budgeting, location, timings, selection of models, collection ,set design ,music , preparing the commentary , rehearsal .

UNIT-IV Understanding Fashion designer – types – classicist, idealist, influenced, realist, thinking poet. Indian Fashion designers –Haute couture – Rohit Khosla, Gitanjal kashyap , hemant Trivedi, J.J Valaya ,James ferrerira, Ritu Kumar ,Rohit bal, Tarun Tahiliani Minimalists- Himanshu and sonali sattar , sangeethe Chopra, Wendell Rodricks. Village India- Bhamini Subramaniam, Anju modi, Indiar, Broker, Madhu Jain. Studio line – Bhairavi jaikishan ,Kishan Mehta ,Ravi Bajaj ,Ritu beri, Rockys. UNIT-V World fashion centers –France, Italy, America, Fareast. Contributions of well known designers from France, Italy, America, Britain and Fareast Countries.

Skill Based Subject Basic Draping-Practical List of Experiment: 1. Introduction to draping and dress forms 2. Draping basic front and back 3. Draping basic skirts 4. Draping yokes, Shirt yoke and midriff yoke 5. Draping collars- Peter pan, Mandarim and Shirt Collar

WOMEN’S APPAREL PRACTICAL Designing, drafting and constructing the following garments for the features prescribed List the Measurements required and Materials suitable Calculate the cost of the garment Calculate the material required –Layout method and Direct measurements method 1. saree Petticoat- Six Panel , Decorated bottom. 2. Skirts – Circular/umbrella/panel with style variations. 3. Blouse- front open ,Fashioned neck, Waist band at front , with sleeve. 4. Salwar (or) Churidhar (or) Parallels (or) Bell Bottom 5. Kameez – with /without slit, with or without flare ,with /without opening ,with or without panels, with /without yoke. 6. Nightie –With yoke, front open , with sleeve , full length. 7. Ladies pant- waist band , zip attached ,tight fitting / parallel pants. 8. Short kurta / top – Decorative / surface design in tailored placket, with or without collar

Unit-I Elements of woven design, Methods of fabric representation, draft and lifting plan, construction of elementary weaves – plain, wrap rib, weft rib, twill, modification of twills, satin and sateen weaves – their derivatives.

UNIT-II Ordinary and brighten honey comb, its modification, huck a back and its modifications, crepe weaves, mock leno.

UNIT-II Extra warp and extra weft figuring – single and two colours, planting, backed fabric, warp and weft backed fabrics.

UNIT-IV Pile fabric – Formation of pile – weft pile – plain back, twill back – length, density and fastness of pile – corduroy weft plush. Warp pile – Terry pile, with the aid of wires, face to face warp pile.

UNIT-V Double cloth –classification, self stitched – face to back, back to face, both. Centre stitched – warp and weft. Interchanging double cloth.

Identification of the following weaves , Design and Draft a peg plan for the same. 1. Plain weave and its derivatives ( Warp rib, Weft rib) 2. Twill Weave – Right hand twill and Left hand twill. 3. Satin 4. Sateen 5.Honey comb Weave 6. Huck a back Weave 7.Extra Warp and Weft Figuring. 8. Double cloth. 9.Terry pile structures.

Unit –I Production sequence of textile fabrics – flowchart – brief description Finishes – Classification – Importance of finishes. Fabric Preparation – Singeing, Desizing, Scouring, Bleaching (different methods), Mercerizing (different methods), Carbonising

Unit –II Dyeing – dyes- classification , properties of dyes , direct , vat , reactive , acid , basic , azoic dyes Vegetable dyes – types and colours commonly used, significance of vegetable dyes, Stages of dyeing - fibre, yarn, fabric and garment – process involved, advantages and limitations

Unit – III Methods of dyeing: Batch dyeing – winch, jig, padding, package dyeing, combination dyeing, machines used and process involved Fastness properties of fabrics – water, sunlight etc,

Unit –IV Aesthetic finishes : Luster – glazed , moiré, schreiner , embossed , Drape- crisp and transparent , sizing , weighting ,Texture- sheared, brushed, embossed, pleated, flocked , Embroidered, napped, fulled, Special purpose finishes: Stabilisation / shrinkage control – different methods, Shape retention methods, wrinkle free finishes.

Unit –V Comfort related finishes – water repellent finishes, pilling resistance, abrasion resistant Biological control finishes- moth and mildew control Safety related finishes – flame retardant Environmental problems in the finishing and dyeing industry Effluent treatment of water – methods and process involved

Preparation of samples for Processing
@ Desizing
@ Scouring
@ Bleaching
@ Mercerising

Dye the given fabric using suitable dye
@ Direct Dye
@ Sulphur Dyes
@ Vat Dyes
@ Disperse Dyes
@ Reactive Dyes
@ Acid Dyes
@ Basic Dyes
@ Vegetable Dyes (any one)

UNIT-I Definition and Scope of Quality control – establishing merchandising standards- establishing raw material quality quality control specifications – quality control of raw material.

UNIT-II Establishing Processing quality specification – training quality control personnel – the quality standard control – quality control inspection , procedures for processing- quality control of finished garments – Quality control and Government contacts – quality control for packaging , warehousing and shipping – statistical quality control .Sampling plans – industry – wide quality standards .

UNIT-III Function of production control – production analysis – quality specifications – qualitative specifications – scope of apparel manufacturing activity –coordinating Departmental Activities – Distribution of documents and records.

UNIT-IV Type of control forms – basic production systems – principles for choosing a production system – evaluating production systems – flow process grids for production control – Scheduling calculation ,graph methods , Scheduling bundles of varying amounts , mathematical formulas for scheduling – Producing many styles simultaneously – producing many styles consecutively in one line.

UNIT-V Functions of cost control , types of costs and expenses – Apparel manufacturing cost categories – sales cost control ,purchasing cost control , production cost control , administration cost control – cost ration policies – the manufacturing budget –cash flow controls – standard cost sheet , break even – charts SKILL BASED SUBJECT SURFACE EMBELLISHMENT PRACTICALS Prepare samples for the following
1. Hand embroidery – 20 stitches -10 samples 2. Traditional embroidery -Embroidery of Kashmir ,Phulkari of Punjab ,Gujarat – Kutch embroidery, embroidery of Rajasthan , Kasuti of Karnataka ,Chickenwork of lucknow, Kantha of Bengal. 3. Machine Embroidery- 3 samples. 4. Smocking -3types
MEN’S APPAREL PRACTICAL Designing, drafting and constructing the following garments for the features Prescribed List the measurements required and materials suitable Calculate the cost of the garment Calculate the material required – layout method and direct measurement method 1. S.B.Vest – with/ without collar, button attached, sleeveless 2. Full sleeve shirt – full open, shirt collar, patch pocket, full sleeve with cuff 3. Kalidhar kurtha – kali piece, side pocket, round neck, half open 4. Pyjama- Elastic /Tape attached waist. 5. Pleated trousers – pleats in front, Darts at back, side pocket, fly with button /zip. 6. Night Dress– knee length, shawl collar, overlap front, with belt 7. S.B Coat – coat collar, coat sleeve, pocket

UNIT-I Classification of computers, computer generations, computer specification ,organization of computer sections .Types of storage devices ( primary and secondary) ,input devices , output devices.

UNIT-II Role of computers in fashion industry – Information flow – CAD, CAM,CIM,CAA,PDC – Definition and functions. Computers in production planning and production scheduling ,computerized colour matching system.

UNIT-III CAD in designing Textile designing – Weaving , Knitting and printing. Creating embroidery designs. Garment designing – 2D and 3D forms .

UNIT-IV CAD in pattern making and grading – system description – information flow – process involved in pattern making , process involved in pattern grading.

UNIT-V Computer application in fabric defect checking, laying / spreading, cutting marker planning ,labeling – parts and functions. Computerized sewing machines .

Create the following designs
1. Motifs / small designs.
Embroidery designs for Kerchiefs , Neck lines Chest prints for T-shirts

2. Children’s Garments
Jabla- different styles Frocks- different styles Middi and Tops - different styles

3. Women’s Garments
Churidhar- different styles Full gowns - different styles Middi & Tops - different styles Princess line Dress- different styles. House coats, Aprons, Nighties

4. Men’s Garments
S B vest T- Shirt - different styles Shirts - different styles Kurta pyjama - different styles
5. Create logos for branded companies.
6. Create label for garments / companies
7. Prepare charts for production planning and scheduling.

UNIT-I Water- hard and soft water, methods of softening water. Laundry soaps – Manufacture of soap ( Hot process , cold process ), composition of soap types of soap, soap less detergents , chemical action , detergent manufacture , advantages of detergents .

UNIT-II Finishes – Stiffening Agents – Starch (cold water and hot water) , Other stiffening agents, preparation of starch . Laundry blues , their application .

UNIT-III Laundry equipment – for storage, for steeping and Washing – Wash board, suction washer, wash boiler, washing machine. Drying equipments – out door and indoor types . Irons and ironing board – types of iron (box, flat , automatic, steam iron) . Ironing board – different types.

UNIT-IV Principles of washing – suction washing, washing by kneading and squeezing , washing by machine - Process details and machine details. Laundering of different fabrics – cotton and linen, woolens, coloured fabrics, silks, rayon and nylon.

UNIT-V Special types of Laundry – water proff coats, silk ties, leather goods, furs, plastics, lace. Dry cleaning – using absorbents , using grease solvents. Storing – points to be noted. Stain removal – food stains, lead pencil, lipstick, mildew, nose drops, paint ,perfume, perspiration / mildew, tar, turmeric and kum- kum. Care labels – washing, bleaching,Drying, ironing and different placements of label in garments.

UNIT-I Printing – Introduction to printing , differences between printing and dyeing , preparation of fabric for printing – cotton , linen, polyester, wool and silk, methods of printing, preparation of printing paste, selection of thickening agents.

UNIT-II Direct printing : Block printing – Brief History , Preparation of design , Blocks, table, print paste and printing process Stencil printing – Brief history , preparation of fabric , stencils (For one or more colour) Materials used for preparing stencils, process involved and techniques used .

UNIT-III Screen printing – brief history , Flat screen and Rotary screen printing , Preparation of screen , print paste , screen printing process, Discharge printing – chemicals used , process involved .

UNIT-IV Resist printing : Brief history, Batik printing wax used, Equipments required, process sequence and techniques used. Tie and dye – Brief history , Equipments required, process sequence and techniques used. UNIT-V Other printing methods : Ink jet printing, Heat transfer printing , photo printing.

UNIT I Production sequence of textile fabrics – flow chart – brief description. Finishes – classification – Importance of finishes – application methods
UNIT II Mechanical finishes – methods and applications; Aesthetic finishes: Luster – glazed, moiré, schreiner, embossed; Drape – crisp and transparent, burnt out, sizing, weighting; Texture – sheared,brushed,embossed,plisse,pleated,flocked,embroidered,napped,fulled;

UNIT III Functional finishes – methods and applications –wrinkle free finishes, water repellant finish, flame retardant finish, rot and mildew proof finish, antistatic finish, and soil release finish.

UNIT IV Special purpose finishes – methods and applications – silicone finish, denim finish – stonewash and enzyme wash; fragrance finish, UV protection finish, anti bacterial finish, and phase change finishes.

UNIT V Recent trends in finishing – micro encapsulation techniques, nano finishes. Environmental pollution during chemical processing of textiles. Treatment of textile effluents.

1. Application of colour harmony in Design
Monochromatic colour harmony
Analogous colour harmony
Complementary colour harmony
Double Complementary colour harmony
Split complementary colour harmony
Triad colour harmony
Tetrad colour harmony
Neutral colour harmony
2. Applications of Principles of design in dress design
Balance –Formal and informal
Rhythm – by line movement, gradation, repetition.
3. Design Garments for the following.
Party Wear – Women ,Men, Children.
Sports Wear- Tennis, Basket ball/foot ball (men and Women), Golf, any other.
Fashion show – Children, men and women
Winter Wear - Children, men and women
Summer Wear - Children, men and women
Spring Wear - Children, men and women
School uniforms – Preschool , school, higher secondary and college going students-boys and girls.
4. Prepare pattern for the following.
Bib Jabla Knicker
5. Grade the following patterns. Bodice front Bodice back
6.Scan designs from books / Magazines / photos and edit the designs – colour or features or back ground etc.., or add details like ornaments.

UNIT-I Knitting – Definition, classification and history, types of knitting- hand and machine ,characteristics of knitted goods.
UNIT-II General terms and principles of knitting technology, machine knitting , parts of machine, knitted loop structure, stitch density.
UNIT-III Weft knitting –classification-circular rib knitting machine, purl, interlock, jacquard-single jersey machine- basic knitting elements-types and functions –knitting cycle,CAM-system-3 way technique to develop design-knit, tuck, miss-effect of stitches on fabric properties.
UNIT-IV Warp knitting-lapping variations-tricot, raschel, simplex and Milanese -kitten raschel-single bar,2 bar, multi bar machines. types of threading, production of nets, curtains, heavy fabrics, elasticized fabrics.
UNIT-V Care and maintenance of knitted material-washing, drying, ironing, storing.
KNITTING PRACTICALS Identify the given fabric Methodology used – unravel and graphic representation Plain Knit
Rib Knit – 1x1,2x2
Pique – any 2 structures

Defect Analysis
Vertical and horizontal lines
Holes and cuttings
Distorted stitches
Any other

FASHION PORTFOLIO PRESENTATION Portfolio development and presentation technique; To be planned for a season or occasion Mood board, Story board, Fabric board, colour board – to be presented separately or in a combined form. Fabric development chart Design development chart Final presentation Number of garments in a collection – 4-6 garments.

1. Preparation of sample for printing.
2. Preparation of printing paste.
3. Create Design with Block printing – Vegetable/ wooden blocks
4. Create Design for Chest print/ Neck /Yoke designs with Stencil printing.
5. Tie and Dye Designs with any three methods with single/ double/ Multi colours.
6. Batik printing with any three methods with single/ double/ Multi colours.
7. Print a Design using Screen printing methods.
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