|दादा साहेब फाल्के अभिनय एवं फिल्म अकादमी
|BASIC STILL PHOTOGRAPHY
Cinematography derives most of its technical and artistic skill from the knowledge of still photography.It is
through still photography that students understand basic ideas like framing, exposure, shutter speeds, depth
of field and lensing.By learning to use the still camera well, students actually create for themselves a solid
foundation of theoretical and practical knowledge, which they can build upon as they go on to movie cameras.
HISTORY - CINEMA AND CAMERAS
Students are introduced to the art of Cinematography with its history and shown films in various genres.This
encourages open discussion and also an exchange of ideas between the faculty and the class. Cinematography
and its skills in the absence of present day technological advancements is a good way to learn how many optical
effects were achieved through simple means without sophisticated gadgetry.
The Cinematographer is the 'visual eye' of the Director and hence it is indeed essential that both are on the
same page. The course stresses on this aspect and conducts workshops to help cinematographers co-relate with
the director's vision. The Cinematographer needs to understand the mood and context of the screenplay which
should eventually transpose itself into a unique visual style. It is the Cinematographer's job to create a visual
narration that communicates eloquently.
Lensing is directly connected to the emotional response of spectators. It is the lens that decides the image
magnification, the depth of field, the area of coverage and the plane of focus.It is also the lens that helps us
capture the subtle variations of light and textures. Students discover the artistic fundamentals of shot taking and
are taught how lensing is the most crucial aspect of mise-en-scene as well as shot break down.
Lighting is different for diverse mediums and hence there are different lighting techniques for still photography,
film and television. The parameters along with techniques of each are explained in detail.Students are taught
to set up the shoots themselves and work on the textures of light. Students are given inputs in both indoor and
outdoor lighting to enable them to respond to any kind of challenge in their professional life.
SHOOTING ON FILM CAMERAS
In this module students are taught how to use and operate 16 mm and 35 mm cameras.Getting used to
operations like panning, tilting, tracking and zooming along with familiarization with magazine changes, film
loading and using variable film speeds and shutter angles form the sum and substance of this module.
When the image is acquired electronically, instead of the usual optical process then it is called videography.
Students are taught the nitty gritty of how video signals are generated, amplified and recorded. They are
also brought into contact with information about the various formats and resolutions in which video exists
today.Apart from inputs in DV CAM, multicam setups, they are also given inputs into high end cameras like
Red and various other HD cameras capable of 2k (film) resolution and the knowledge of 2k film transfer.
SHOOTING FOR CHROMA
Whenever it is found necessary to create a composite shot using two or more separate shots, the techniques of
keying, matting and frame blending are used. Students are taught how to light up green/blue screens meant for
chroma key effects and also give in inputs about matting and blending techniques.
DIGITAL INTERMEDIATE AND COLOUR GRADING
Students are given inputs as well as taken on study tours to make them cognizant of the latest Digital
Intermediate (DI) and colour grading technology with the popularity of 2k projection and high end colour
processing, an exposure to the complete workflow of Cinematography is a must.
P1: LENSING, FRAMING AND COMPOSITION
Knowledge of still photography finds its use by extension, in the motion picture camera. Students are taught
concepts like perspective depth of field, depth of focus and lens speed by physically showing the changes
in an image by changing the prime lenses or by changing the focal distance in a high-resolution zoom lens.
Connected to the idea of lensing is the aesthetics of framing and composition. Appropriate aesthetic inputs are
given to show the direct relationship between lensing, frame composition and emotions
P2: CAMERA AND GEAR OPTIONS
Students are given hands on training to enhance their skills in camera operations like focus pulling, panning,
tilting, fluid head movement, using track trolleys, cranes, jibs and steadicam harnesses.
P3 CAMERA MOVEMENTS AND CONTINUITY
Having learnt the basics of framing and composition the students then move on to learning about continuity
and camera movement. In a series of exercises in increasing order of complexity starting with two characters in
movement to four characters in movement across multiple zones in a single space, the students learn the basics
of handling space and movement. Attention is paid to the requirement of maintaining directional continuity as
well as the devices by which such continuity can be broken.
Cinematographers need to know Mise-en-Scene as much as Directors. The ability of a cinematographer is to
design a shot not only to give information functionally but also to do it in a way that creates 'meaning'. The
students are taught the use of props, character movement, camera movement, composition and lighting - All
combining to create a cinematically meaningful shot. The exercises are again graded in increasing order of
complexity starting with two characters and ending with four.
In the final project, cinematography students collaborate with direction course students form units and shoot a
film upto 10 minutes on DV CAM format. As a final culmination of their learning at DADASAHEB PHALKE
ACTING AND FILM ACADEMY -The Film School, Cinematography students in this project are tested for
their ability to find the correct visual rendition of a narrative and also on technical matters like consistency of
lighting, consistency of tonality, focus pulling and exposure. The students are encouraged to shoot in exterior,
interior and mixed conditions.
The final project films are edited in the Dadasaheb Phalke Acting And Film Academy editing studios and the
entire sound post-production is also done in the DADASAHEB PHALKE ACTING AND FILM ACADEMY
The completed films can be taken by the students as their showreel along with the earlier practical projects.
THE DADASAHEB PHALKE ACTING AND FILM ACADEMY STUDENT BENEFIT
- No previous knowledge needed.
- Study of various Film, DV and HD cameras.
- Exposure to multi camera set-up, lighting and shooting.
- Lighting and camera operations for motion picture and television.
- A fine balance of theory and practicals.
- Additional shooting sessions on floors.
- All shooting facilities in-house.
- Shooting on Digital, HDV, DSR 450, D55, Red, 16mm & 35mm Arriflex cameras.
- Students take the self composed, shot and processed film as their demo reel which they shoot in association
with the Direction students.
In short, a cinematography student from Dadasaheb Phalke Acting And Film Academy is ready to be absorbed
as a certified Cinematographer in any entertainment stream.
Note:- Curriculum subject to change